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Artificial Intelligence is going to be a smart Assistant to a Doctor – Aayush Rai

Inito is a medical technology startup based out of Bangalore. With relentless passion and technological acumen, they are developing remarkably smart medical devices that are not just accurate and reliable but also convenient and user-friendly. Inito is the first company in India to create a portable device that can test multiple medical conditions at home on the same device.

Aayush Rai is the Co-Founder of Inito. He had started Inito in 2015 with Varun and a team of Engineers, Scientists & Doctors with past experience at IIT’s, Siemens, NASA, Narayana Healthcare and Samsung. 

In an interaction with IncubateIND, Aayush Rai talks about the role of new technology in healthcare. Read On!

Tell us something about yourself and what does INITO do?

I graduated from IIT Roorkee in 2012 and started this company with my co-founder Varun. Inito is a small and portable device that connects to your smartphone and lets you do multiple diagnostic tests like cholesterol, glucose, thyroid etc. all on a single device.

How technology is changing how healthcare must communicate with patients?

If you look at how healthcare providers communicate to consumers right now, you’ll notice they are very incidental in nature i.e. whenever you have an issue, that’s when you go to the doctor. But technology allows you to interact with the consumers at every point, so sensors can allow you to track whether they’re taking their medication on time, what are the values of their analytes like you can track/monitor their glucose levels remotely. Doctors can even track whether they’re following their lifestyle guidance, eating the right kind of food, taking vitamins etc. So, technology will enable healthcare providers to have a regular communication with consumers and this is very important because the conditions we have now are changing and they are more long term like lifestyle diseases.

How the Internet of Medical Things (IoTM) will start to transform Healthcare?

Internet of Medical Things will basically put sensors in every person’s home for everybody and rather than going to the labs, they will be able to monitor themselves at home and healthcare providers can track them every time. It could be even tracking their medication like whether they’re taking their pills on time or not so the effect it’ll have is that rather than diagnosing conditions when they’re too late because of the sensors they would be able to sort of monitor their body pre-hand and catch problems before they become chronic. This will in turn make the healthcare system more efficient. Also, with such healthcare devices generating data, a lot of algorithms will come into play and people will be able to manage themselves to an extent at home.

How AI and Robotics are transforming healthcare?

The way we see AI is that they will help our overburdened healthcare system to become more efficient so right now 80% of the doctors’ time go in simple conditions like cold, cough and adjusting doses of insulin, diabetes etc. So, we think that it’ll become an assisted model where AI will sort of assist the doctors to do more complicated stuff like if you see that there’ll be simple things like sensors that track your values and they can automatically tell you to adjust your insulin dose etc. or if you see that a lot of diagnoses happen by image analysis like pathology, radiology then rather than a radiologist looking at every image, the AI could do a first look at the image and highlight areas that might be problematic and the radiologist could look at only those images. The way we see it, AI is going to be a smart assistant to a doctor, it’s going to reduce the workload on the doctors and hence they’ll be able to serve a larger audience. With regard to robotics, we’ve made a tremendous progress and now we can have lower incisions, lower cut sizes, the time in which the patients need to reach the hospital is lower, surgeries are more efficient and faster.

How Blockchain is set up to disrupt the healthcare industry?

So if you see blockchain is like a more fundamental distributed database technology that allows and rather you don’t need a central authority to actually stock the database, it’s actually distributed. This could have applications in storing health records rather than being a centralized depository but its still too early for blockchain to become mainstream especially when it comes to healthcare since its one of the last industries. Blockchain is still a very new technology for all industries so its going to take awhile before blockchain will affect healthcare.

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